Tag Archives | workforce
Cities are burdened with aging and failing infrastructure in some areas on the one hand, as well as huge development and service delivery needs in previously disadvantaged areas on the other. In many cities across Africa, government institutions that are charged with the responsibility of delivering and maintaining infrastructure have become stretched by skills shortages and increased maintenance responsibilities.
Two of the goals as set out in the National Development Plan (NDP) are the transformation of urban and rural spaces in South Africa and investment into a strong network of economic infrastructure designed to support medium to long-term objectives.
It is projected that by 2016, over 500 million Africans will live in urban centres, and the number of cities with more than 1 million people is expected to reach 65, compared to 52 in 2011. This is already on par with Europe and higher than India and North America. With 40 percent of its population living in cities, Africa is more urbanized than India (30 percent) and nearly as urbanized as China (45 percent).
By virtue of their combined size, BRICS nations represent 45 percent of the world’s workforce. But of this workforce a large number are unemployed or unemployable. For BRICS countries, as for Africa, the challenge is how to find ways to develop the skills of the workforce so that is more efficient and productive, to educate and train the unemployed so that they become employable, and – most importantly – to create meaningful jobs for them to fill.
Many JSE companies are seeing Africa as the new frontier and an important source of long-term growth, especially those companies doing business in mature markets. The International Monetary Fund forecast the region to grow at 5.5% both this year and next. By comparison, South Africa’s economic growth rate is forecast at just 2.7%.