Tag Archives | life expectancy
These are exciting times for healthcare. Emerging economies around the world are focussed on innovation and developing new business models for this sector, with governments in Africa working towards a Universal Health Coverage for their populations.
To better understand why lives in Africa are so short, in relative terms, it is important to see what ends lives. (At 34 per 1,000 people per year, Africa’s crude death is by far the highest in the world and more than quadruple the global average.)
Africa’s mortality profile is almost the exact opposite of that of the world as a whole. Under a third of global deaths are caused by communicable diseases, maternal and perinatal conditions and nutritional deficiencies; in Africa the figure approaches two thirds. Only 28% of Africa’s deaths are caused by non-communicable conditions whereas the global figure is 64% (and in Europe the figure is 87%).
Africa is not a healthy continent. On all indicators of health, Africa lags behind the rest of the world, and behind poor countries of South-East and South Asia that were behind Africa when measured on these metrics a few decades ago. Much of this gap, which has widened since the 1980s is a consequence of the HIV/AIDS epidemic which has hit Africa harder than any region on Earth, but much of it (as well as the sometimes sluggish and ineffective responses to HIV/AIDS) can be blamed on other factors.